Acetic Acid 0.05-1.20 g/L acetic acid
L-malic Acid 0.05-5.00 g/L L-malic acid
Free Sulphur Dioxide 1-60 mg/L free SO2
Total Sulphur Dioxide 15-250 mg/L Total SO2
L-lactic Acid 0.05 – 4.00 g/L L-lactic acid
Fermentable Sugars 0.1 – 8 g/L glucose
Fermentable Sugars 8 - 200 g/L glucose
pH 3.00 – 4.00
Total Acidity 1 - 10 g/L L-malic acid
Alcohol Content 1 – 9 % v/v
Organic Nitrogen 30-300 mg/L organic N
Inorganic Nitrogen 30-300 ppm inorganic N
Glycerol 2.0 – 15.0 g/L glycerol
Glucose & Fructose 0.1 – 8 g/L glucose
Glucose & Fructose 8 - 200 g/L glucose
Total Polyphenol Index (TPI) 2 - 300 mg/L gallic acid